{
"type": "Article",
"authors": [
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"type": "Person",
"familyNames": [
"Brueckler"
],
"givenNames": [
"Franka",
"Miriam"
]
}
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"description": [
"The Croatian Mathematical Society (CMS,\n",
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"content": [
"www.matematika.hr"
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") is the\nprofessional association of mathematicians in the Republic of Croatia, whose\ngoal is to improve and promote mathematical science, teaching mathematics at\nall levels, application of mathematics in other disciplines and improving the\nsocial position of mathematicians in general. It was constituted in 1990, but\nits history is much longer. The formal creation of the CMS after Croatia became\nan independent state is the result of long-existing scientific societies\nexisting in the former Yugoslavian Socialist Republic of Croatia."
],
"identifiers": [],
"title": "Croatian Mathematical Society",
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"All rights reserved."
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"content": [
"The oldest of the societies which preceded and influenced the formation of the\nCMS is the Croatian Society of Natural Sciences (CSNS), created back in 1885.\nThis society is a predecessor of all current scientific societies in Croatia,\nand it still exists, serving its original purpose of development and\npopularisation of science. Its publications from the period 1886–1944, among\nothers, also contained mathematical articles."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p3",
"content": [
"After World War II, in 1945, the Mathematical-Physical Section of the CSNS\nwas formed, and one year later the formation of the Educational Section for\nMathematics and Physics followed. The latter organised both discussion meetings\nfor teachers of mathematics and physics, and popular talks for the general\npublic. The first-mentioned, in cooperation with the Astronomical-Geophysical\nSection, published the scientific magazine ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Glasnik matematičko-fizički i astronomski"
]
},
" (1946–1965), in which Blanuša’s snark, the\ngraph on the CMS logo was published. It is a graph discovered and published in\n1946 by Croatian mathematician Danilo Blanuša (1903–1987) related to his\nwork on the, at that time still open, 4-colour theorem. It was known that in\norder to prove the conjecture it is sufficient to consider 3-regular bridgeless\nplanar graphs. At that time only one snark (a simple, connected, bridgeless\n3-regular graph with chromatic index 4) was known, the Petersen graph, and in\nhis paper Blanuša gave his snark as an example of a 3-regular bridgeless\ngraph which is not 3-edge-colourable, the first of two snarks named after him.\nIn 1996 the CMS chose this graph to be a part of its logo."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p4",
"content": [
"Another society, the Society of Croatian Mathematicians and Physicists (SCMP),\nwas also soon created (1949), and it existed until 1990 as part of the\nAssociation of Societies of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers of\nYugoslavia. Its educational section was very active right from the start, and\nit began organising several seminars, meetings and events which have survived,\nmore or less continuously, to the present day. This society also began to\npublish the journal ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Matematičko-fizički list"
]
},
", a professional\njournal on maths and physics for high school students, which is still being\npublished, jointly by the CMS and the Croatian Physical Society. The\nstill-existing research journal ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Glasnik matematički"
]
},
" also began\nits existence 1966 within the SCMP."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p5",
"content": [
"Today, the CMS is a member of the EMS and the IMU (both since 1993). It has\nseven member societies (Croatian Actuarial Society, Croatian Biometric Society,\nCroatian Society for Geometry and Graphics, Mathematical Society Istria,\nMathematical Society Zadar, Split Mathematical Society and Association of\nMathematicians Osijek), and more than 1000 individual members. The CMS\nactivities are organised within five sections: the Educational Section\n(CMSEdS), the Scientific Section (CMSSS), the Engineering Section (SMSEnS), the\nProfessional Section (CMSPS) and the Student Section. The CMSEdS also founded\nthe CMS Juniors for students of primary and secondary schools. The CMSSS is\ninvolved in the advancement and unification of mathematical research in the\nRepublic of Croatia. Among other activities, it organises regular scientific\ncolloquia and a quadrennial international maths conference, the Croatian\nmathematical congress. The CMSEdS is active in the improvement of mathematics\nteaching at all levels. It organises regular professional lectures and\nconferences (quadrennial Congress of mathematics teachers of the Republic of\nCroatia). Also, the CMSEdS participates in the organization and implementation\nof all competitions in mathematics in the Republic of Croatia, including the\nqualifications for the International Mathematical Olympiad, Middle European\nMathematical Olympiad, European Girls Mathematical Olympiad, Cyberspace\nMathematical Competition, Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad and Mediterranean\nMathematical Olympiad. The CMSEdS also organises the Mathematical Kangaroo\nCompetition in Croatia with more than 50,000 participants every year. The\nCMSEnS connects mathematicians from various technical and business fields and\npromotes applications of mathematics. It organises regular popular,\nprofessional and scientific lectures. The CMSPS connects mathematics teachers\nemployed at polytechnics and independent colleges in the Republic of Croatia.\nIts main activity is the organisation of professional colloquia, public\nlectures and round tables on various topics related to the teaching of\nmathematics subjects in professional studies."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p6",
"content": [
"The CMS also organises a series of very attractive, high-level international\nconferences in the Inter-University Centre (IUC,\n",
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"target": "https://iuc.hr/",
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"www.iuc.hr"
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") in Dubrovnik. They began as\nquadrennial, however since 2001 they are biannual. The first nine, from 1981 to\n2005, were named “Functional Analysis (I–IX)” (including Operator Theory,\nBanach Algebras, Probability Theory, Differential Operators, Wavelets,\nRepresentation Theory), then the name and the subject specialised to\n“Representation Theory (X–XVI)”. Since 2019, Number Theory has also been\nincluded. Many well-known mathematicians have participated in these\nconferences: P. Halmos, G. Weiss, A. V. Skorokhod, V. Kac, D. Vogan (who is one\nof the co-directors since 2001), M. Duflo, G. Pedersen, G. Pisier, R. Howe,\nT. Arakawa, W. Soergel, K. Vilonen, J. Lepowski, T. Kobayashi, D. Gourevitch,\nM. Frank, …."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p7",
"content": [
"In 1995, the general assembly of the CMS constituted the CMS Prize for\nScientific Contribution to Mathematics. It is awarded quadrennially to a young\nmathematician up to 35 years of age, living in Croatia. So far the recipients\nof the prize have been I. Slapničar (1996), A. Dujella (2000), G. Muić\n(2004), O. Perše (2008), I. Velčić (2012) and A. Mimica (2016). The\nlast recipient, A. Mimica, unfortunately passed away before receiving the\nprize, following which the CMS decided to name the future CMS prizes after him.\nIn 2020, the recipient of the CMS Ante Mimica Prize was S. Kožić."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p8",
"content": [
"The CMS publishes several research and professional mathematics journals:\n",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Matka"
]
},
" (since 1992, for children up to about 15 years of age), the\nonline-journal ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"math.e"
]
},
" (aimed at high school students, since 2004),\n",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Poučak"
]
},
" (journal for didactics and teaching of mathematics,\npublished since 1998), ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Glasnik matematički"
]
},
" (publishes original\nresearch papers from all fields of pure and applied mathematics, has been\npublished since 1966, since 2008 it is cited in WOS and SCIE) and\n",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Vjesnik HMD-a"
]
},
" (yearly bulletin on current activities of the society).\nThe CMS also, since 1998, publishes popular mathematics books in a series\ncalled ",
{
"type": "Emphasis",
"content": [
"Matkina biblioteka"
]
},
". So far 20 books of this series were\npublished, the two most recent in 2020."
]
},
{
"type": "Paragraph",
"id": "p9",
"content": [
"We end this short presentation of the CMS with the mention of an important\npopular mathematical activity of the CMS, the yearly Evening of Mathematics,\nheld every year since 2013 on first Thursday in December. It is a collection\nof mathematical talks, workshops and other activities aimed at children of all\nages which has proven to be a great success, with increasing number of\nparticipants every year up to sometimes more than 100,000."
]
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"Pictures from the Evening of Mathematics"
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"content": [
"Franka Miriam Brueckler was born 1971 in Essen, Germany and works as\nassistant professor at the Department of Mathematics in Zagreb, where\nshe received her PhD in operator theory (2002). Her current main\nresearch interest is history of mathematics. She teaches Mathematics 1\nand 2 for chemists, History of Mathematics, and Crystallography for\ngeologists, is active in popularisation of mathematics, was a member of\nthe EMS Raising Public Awareness Committee (2009–2017, vice-chair\n2012–2017) and received the 2009 Croatian State Award for\nPopularisation of Science.\n\n",
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