JournalscmhVol. 84 , No. 1DOI 10.4171/cmh/151

Selmer groups and Tate–Shafarevich groups for the congruent number problem

  • Maosheng Xiong

    Pennsylvania State University, University Park, United States
  • Alexandru Zaharescu

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
Selmer groups and Tate–Shafarevich groups for the congruent number problem cover

Abstract

We study the distribution of the sizes of the Selmer groups arising from the three 2-isogenies and their dual 2-isogenies for the elliptic curve En: y2 = x3 − n2x. We show that three of them are almost always trivial, while the 2-rank of the other three follows a Gaussian distribution. It implies three almost always trivial Tate–Shafarevich groups and three large Tate–Shafarevich groups. When combined with a result obtained by Heath-Brown, we show that the mean value of the 2-rank of the large Tate–Shafarevich groups for square-free positive odd integers n ≤ X is ½ log log X + O(1), as X → ∞.