Let A be a d-dimensional smooth algebra over a perfect field of characteristic not 2. Let Umn+1(A)/En+1(A) be the set of unimodular rows of length n + 1 up to elementary transformations. If n ≥ (d + 2)/2, it carries a natural structure of group as discovered by van der Kallen. If n = d ≥ 3, we show that this group is isomorphic to a cohomology group Hd(A,Gd+1). This extends a theorem of Morel, who showed that the set Umd+1(A)/SLd+1(A) is in bijection with Hd(A,Gd+1)/SLd+1(A). We also extend this theorem to the case d = 2. Using this, we compute the groups Umd+1(A)/Ed+1(A) when A is a real algebra with trivial canonical bundle and such that Spec (A) is rational. We then compute the groups Umd+1(A)/SLd+1(A) when d is even, thus obtaining a complete description of stably free modules of rank d on these algebras. We also deduce from our computations that there are no stably free non free modules of top rank over the algebraic real spheres of dimension 3 and 7.
Cite this article
Jean Fasel, Some remarks on orbit sets of unimodular rows. Comment. Math. Helv. 86 (2011), no. 1, pp. 13–39DOI 10.4171/CMH/216