This paper introduces Mom technology to understand low volume hyperbolic 3-manifolds; it is used in [GMM3] and [M1] to show that the Weeks manifold is the unique closed orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold of least volume. Here we enumerate the hyperbolic Mom-n manifolds for n ≤ 3, offer a conjectural enumeration when n = 4, and establish important technical results about embedding hyperbolic Mom-n manifolds into hyperbolic 3-manifolds.
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David Gabai, Robert Meyerhoff, Peter Milley, Mom technology and volumes of hyperbolic 3-manifolds. Comment. Math. Helv. 86 (2011), no. 1, pp. 145–188DOI 10.4171/CMH/221