# On the equality of Hausdorff measure and Hausdorff content

### Ábel Farkas

University of St Andrews, UK### Jonathan M. Fraser

The University of St Andrews, UK

## Abstract

We are interested in situations where the Hausdor measure and Hausdorff content of a set are equal in the critical dimension. Our main result shows that this equality holds for any subset of a self-similar set corresponding to a nontrivial cylinder of an irreducible subshift of finite type, and thus also for any self-similar or graph-directed self-similar set, regardless of separation conditions. The main tool in the proof is an exhaustion lemma for Hausdorff measure based on the Vitali Covering Theorem.

We also give several examples showing that one cannot hope for the equality to hold in general if one moves in a number of the natural directions away from ‘self-similar’. For example, it fails in general for self-conformal sets, self-affine sets and Julia sets. We also give applications of our results concerning Ahlfors regularity. Finally we consider an analogous version of the problem for packing measure. In this case we need the strong separation condition and can only prove that the packing measure and $δ$-approximate packing pre-measure coincide for sufficiently small $δ>0$.

## Cite this article

Ábel Farkas, Jonathan M. Fraser, On the equality of Hausdorff measure and Hausdorff content. J. Fractal Geom. 2 (2015), no. 4, pp. 403–429

DOI 10.4171/JFG/27