This paper studies reduced, connected, Gorenstein surfaces with ample-K, assumed to be reducible or nonnormal. The normalisation is a union of one or more standard surfaces (scrolls and Veronese surfaces), marked with a conic as double locus. The question is how to glue these together to get a Gorenstein scheme. In characteristic 0, the results amount to a classification of projective surfaces in the style of the 1880s. However, the methods involve a study of the dualising sheaf of a nonnormal variety in terms of Rosenlicht differentials, and there is a subtle pathology in characteristic p due to Mori and S. Goto.