Convergent quantum normal forms, -symmetry and reality of the spectrum

  • Emanuela Caliceti

    Università di Bologna, Italy
  • Sandro Graffi

    Università di Bologna, Italy


A class of non-selfadjoint, -symmetric operators is identified similar to a selfadjoint one, thus entailing the reality of the spectrum. The similarity transformation is explicitly constructed through the method of the quantum normal form, whose convergence (uniform with respect to the Planck constant) is proved. Further consequences of the uniform convergence of the quantum normal form are the establishment of an exact quantization formula for the eigenvalues and the integrability of the classical hamiltonian corresponding to the given -symmetric operator.

Cite this article

Emanuela Caliceti, Sandro Graffi, Convergent quantum normal forms, -symmetry and reality of the spectrum. Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. 24 (2013), no. 3, pp. 385–407

DOI 10.4171/RLM/658