In this paper, we study asymptotic behavior of minimal energy solutions to the fractional Lane–Emden system in a smooth bounded domain
for under the assumption that is the spectral fractional Laplacian and the subcritical pair approaches to the critical Sobolev hyperbola. If , the above problem is reduced to the subcritical higher-order fractional Lane–Emden equation with the Navier boundary condition
for . The main objective of this paper is to deduce the existence of minimal energy solutions, and to examine their (normalized) pointwise limits provided that is convex, generalizing the work of Guerra that studied the corresponding results in the local case . As a by-product of our study, a new approach for the existence of an extremal function for the Hardy–Littlewood–Sobolev inequality is provided.
Cite this article
Woocheol Choi, Seunghyeok Kim, Minimal energy solutions to the fractional Lane–Emden system: Existence and singularity formation. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 35 (2019), no. 3, pp. 731–766DOI 10.4171/RMI/1068