# Gauge theory and $\mathrm G_2$-geometry on Calabi–Yau links

### Omegar Calvo-Andrade

Centro de Investigación en Matemáticas, Guanajuato, Mexico### Lázaro O. Rodríguez Díaz

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil### Henrique N. Sá Earp

Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil

## Abstract

The 7-dimensional link $K$ of a weighted homogeneous hypersurface on the round 9-sphere in $\mathbb{C}^5$ has a nontrivial null Sasakian structure which is contact Calabi–Yau, in many cases. It admits a canonical co-calibrated $\mathrm G_2$-structure $\varphi$ induced by the Calabi–Yau 3-orbifold basic geometry. We distinguish these pairs $(K,\varphi)$ by the Crowley–Nordström $\mathbb{Z}_{48}$-valued $\nu$ invariant, for which we prove odd parity and provide an algorithmic formula.

We describe moreover a natural Yang–Mills theory on such spaces, with many important features of the torsion-free case, such as a Chern–Simons formalism and topological energy bounds. In fact, compatible $\mathrm G_2$-instantons on holomorphic Sasakian bundles over $K$ are exactly the transversely Hermitian Yang–Mills connections. As a proof of principle, we obtain $\mathrm G_2$-instantons over the Fermat quintic link from stable bundles over the smooth projective Fermat quintic, thus relating in a concrete example the Donaldson–Thomas theory of the quintic threefold with a conjectural $\mathrm G_2$-instanton count.

## Cite this article

Omegar Calvo-Andrade, Lázaro O. Rodríguez Díaz, Henrique N. Sá Earp, Gauge theory and $\mathrm G_2$-geometry on Calabi–Yau links. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 36 (2020), no. 6, pp. 1753–1778

DOI 10.4171/RMI/1182