# Superposition operators and functions of bounded <I>p</I>-variation

### Gérard Bourdaud

Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France### Massimo Lanza de Cristoforis

Università di Padova, Italy### Winfried Sickel

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Germany

## Abstract

We characterize the set of all functions $f$ of $\mathbb R$ to itself such that the associated superposition operator $T_f: g \to f \circ g$ maps the class $BV^1_p (\mathbb R)$ into itself. Here $BV^1_p (\mathbb R)$, $1 \le p < \infty$, denotes the set of primitives of functions of bounded $p$-variation, endowed with a suitable norm. It turns out that such an operator is always bounded and sublinear. Also, consequences for the boundedness of superposition operators defined on Besov spaces $B^s_{p,q}({\mathbb R}^n)$ are discussed.

## Cite this article

Gérard Bourdaud, Massimo Lanza de Cristoforis, Winfried Sickel, Superposition operators and functions of bounded <I>p</I>-variation. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 22 (2006), no. 2, pp. 455–487

DOI 10.4171/RMI/463