JournalsrmiVol. 20, No. 1pp. 205–222

A characterization of isochronous centres in terms of symmetries

  • Emilio Freire

    Universidad de Sevilla, Spain
  • Armengol Gasull

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain
  • Antoni Guillamon

    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
A characterization of isochronous centres in terms of symmetries cover
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Abstract

We present a description of isochronous centres of planar vector fields XX by means of their groups of symmetries. More precisely, given a normalizer UU of XX (i.e., [X,U]=μX[X,U]=\mu X, where μ\mu is a scalar function), we provide a necessary and sufficient isochronicity condition based on μ\mu. This criterion extends the result of Sabatini and Villarini that establishes the equivalence between isochronicity and the existence of commutators ([X,U]=0[X,U]= 0). We put also special emphasis on the mechanical aspects of isochronicity; this point of view forces a deeper insight into the potential and quadratic-like Hamiltonian systems. For these families we provide new ways to find isochronous centres, alternative to those already known from the literature.

Cite this article

Emilio Freire, Armengol Gasull, Antoni Guillamon, A characterization of isochronous centres in terms of symmetries. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 20 (2004), no. 1, pp. 205–222

DOI 10.4171/RMI/386