Phenomena of compensation and estimates for partial differential equations

  • Frédéric Hélein


Quantities like the Jacobian determinant of a mapping play an important role in several partial differential equations in Physics and Geometry. The algebraic structure of such nonlinearities allow to improve slightly the integrability or the regularity of these quantities, sometimes in a crucial way. Focused on the instance of , where and , we review some results obtained on that quantity for 30 years and applications to partial differential equations arising in Geometry, in particular concerning the conformal parametrisations of constant mean curvature surfaces and the harmonic mappings between Riemannian manifolds.