Variational proof of the existence of eigenvalues for star graphs
Konstantin PankrashkinUniversité Paris-Sud, Orsay, France
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We provide a purely variational proof of the existence of eigenvalues below the bottom of the essential spectrum for the Schrödinger operator with an attractive -potential supported by a star graph, i.e. by a finite union of rays emanating from the same point. In contrast to the previous works, the construction is valid without any additional assumption on the number or the relative position of the rays. The approach is used to obtain an upper bound for the lowest eigenvalue.