On the energy of dilute Bose gases

  • Søren Fournais

    Department of Mathematics, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 118, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
  • Jan Philip Solovej

    Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
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A fundamental problem in quantum mechanics is to understand the structure and the energy of ground states of interacting systems of many particles. The quantum correlations in ground states or low lying energy states are supposed to explain phenomena such as superfluidity or superconductivity.

A long-standing conjecture in mathematical physics has been to establish a universal two-term asymptotic formula for the ground state energy of a system of bosons in the dilute limit of low density predicted by the theory of superfluidity. We discuss a recent proof of this formula.