# MIP* = RE: A negative resolution to Connes’ embedding problem and Tsirelson’s problem

### Thomas Vidick

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA

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This book chapter is published *open access.*

## Abstract

Connes’ Embedding Problem is a deep question on approximability of certain tracial von Neumann algebras by finite-dimensional matrix algebras. We survey the connections between operator algebras, quantum information and theoretical computer science that enabled the recent resolution of this problem. The resolution goes through an equivalent formulation, known as Tsirelson’s problem, in terms of separating convex sets whose definition is motivated by the study of nonlocality in quantum mechanics. We construct an explicit separating hyperplane using the theory of two-player games from complexity theory.