Dynamics of mean-field bosons at positive temperature

  • Andreas Deuchert

    University of Zurich, Switzerland
  • Marco Caporaletti

    University of Zurich, Switzerland
  • Benjamin Schlein

    University of Zurich, Switzerland
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We study the time evolution of an initially trapped weakly interacting Bose gas at positive temperature, after the trapping potential has been switched off. It has been recently shown in Deuchert–Seiringer (2021) that the one-particle density matrix of Gibbs states of the interacting trapped gas is given, to leading order in , as , by that of the ideal gas, with the condensate wave function replaced by the minimizer of the Hartree energy functional. We show that this structure is stable with respect to the many-body evolution in the following sense: the dynamics can be approximated in terms of the time-dependent Hartree equation for the condensate wave function and in terms of the free evolution for the thermally excited particles. The main technical novelty of our work is the use of the Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov equations to define a fluctuation dynamics.

Cite this article

Andreas Deuchert, Marco Caporaletti, Benjamin Schlein, Dynamics of mean-field bosons at positive temperature. Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré C Anal. Non Linéaire (2023), published online first

DOI 10.4171/AIHPC/93