We consider the cubic Schrödinger (NLS) equation on the Euclidean space perturbed by a short-range potential . The presence of a negative simple eigenvalue for gives rise to a curve of small and localized nonlinear ground states that yield some time-periodic solutions known to be asymptotically stable in the energy space. We study the persistence of these coherent states under rough perturbations. We shall construct a large measure set of small scaling-supercritical solutions below the energy space that display some asymptotic stability behaviors. The main difficulty is the need to handle the interactions of localized and dispersive terms in the modulation equations. To do so, we use a critical-weighted strategy to combine probabilistic nonlinear estimates in critical spaces based on , (controlling higher-order terms) with some local energy decay estimates (controlling lower-order terms). We also revisit in the perturbed setting the analysis of Bényi, Oh, and Pocovnicu (2015) on the probabilistic global well-posedness and scattering for small supercritical initial data. We use a distorted Fourier transform and semiclassical functional calculus to generalize probabilistic and bilinear Strichartz estimates.
Cite this article
Nicolas Camps, Asymptotic stability of small ground states for NLS under random perturbations. Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire 39 (2023), no. 6, pp. 1261–1318DOI 10.4171/AIHPC/31