# Bubbling location for <em>F</em>-harmonic maps and inhomogeneous Landau–Lifshitz equations

### Salah Najib

ICTP, Trieste, Italy### Pigong Han

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

## Abstract

Let $f$ be a positive smooth function on a closed Riemann surface $(M,g)$. The $f$-energy of a map $u$ from $M$ to a Riemannian manifold $(N,h)$ is defined as

$E_f(u)=\int_Mf|\nabla u|^2 dV_g.$

In this paper, we will study the blow-up properties of Palais--Smale sequences for $E_f$. We will show that, if a Palais--Smale sequence is not compact, then it must blow up at some critical points of $f$. As a consequence, if an inhomogeneous Landau--Lifshitz system, i.e. a solution of

$u_t=u\times\tau_f(u)+\tau_f(u), u: M\rightarrow S^2,$

blows up at time $\infty$, then the blow-up points must be the critical points of $f$.

## Cite this article

Salah Najib, Pigong Han, Bubbling location for <em>F</em>-harmonic maps and inhomogeneous Landau–Lifshitz equations. Comment. Math. Helv. 81 (2006), no. 2, pp. 433–448

DOI 10.4171/CMH/57