Optimal-order uniform-in-time -norm error estimates are given for semi- and full discretizations of mean curvature flow of surfaces in arbitrarily high codimension. The proposed and studied numerical method is based on a parabolic system coupling the surface flow to evolution equations for the mean curvature vector and for the orthogonal projection onto the tangent space. The algorithm uses evolving surface finite elements and linearly implicit backward difference formulas. This numerical method admits a convergence analysis in the case of finite elements of polynomial degree at least 2 and backward difference formulas of orders 2 to 5. Numerical experiments in codimension 2 illustrate and complement our theoretical results.
Cite this article
Tim Binz, Balázs Kovács, A convergent finite element algorithm for mean curvature flow in arbitrary codimension. Interfaces Free Bound. 25 (2023), no. 3, pp. 373–400DOI 10.4171/IFB/493