# A geometrically exact Cosserat shell-model for defective elastic crystals. Justification via <em>Γ</em>-convergence

### Patrizio Neff

Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, Germany### Krzysztof Chelminski

Technical University, Warszawa, Poland

## Abstract

We derive the $\Gamma$-limit to a three-dimensional Cosserat model as the aspect ratio $h>0$ of a flat domain tends to zero. The bulk model involves already exact rotations as a second independent field intended to describe the rotations of the lattice in defective elastic crystals. The $\Gamma$-limit based on the natural scaling consists of a membrane like energy and a transverse shear energy both scaling with $h$, augmented by a curvature energy due to the Cosserat bulk, also scaling with $h$. A technical difficulty is to establish equi-coercivity of the sequence of functionals as the aspect ratio $h$ tends to zero. Usually, equi-coercivity follows from a local coerciveness assumption. While the three-dimensional problem is well-posed for the Cosserat couple modulus $\mu_c\ge 0$, equi-coercivity needs a strictly positive $\mu_c>0$. Then the $\Gamma$-limit model determines the midsurface deformation $m\in H^{1,2}(\omega,\R^3)$. For the true defective crystal case, however, $\mu_c=0$ is appropriate. Without equi-coercivity, we obtain first an estimate of the $\Gamma-\liminf$ and $\Gamma-\limsup$ which can be strengthened to the $\Gamma$-convergence result. The Reissner-Mindlin model is "almost" the linearization of the $\Gamma$-limit for $\mu_c=0$.

## Cite this article

Patrizio Neff, Krzysztof Chelminski, A geometrically exact Cosserat shell-model for defective elastic crystals. Justification via <em>Γ</em>-convergence. Interfaces Free Bound. 9 (2007), no. 4, pp. 455–492

DOI 10.4171/IFB/173