We deal with strongly competing multispecies systems of Lotka-Volterra type with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. For a class of nonconvex domains composed by balls connected with thin corridors, we show the occurrence of pattern formation (coexistence and spatial segregation of all the species), as the competition grows indefinitely. As a result we prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions for a remarkable system of differential inequalities involved in segregation phenomena and optimal partition problems.
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Veronica Felli, Monica Conti, Coexistence and segregation for strongly competing species in special domains. Interfaces Free Bound. 10 (2008), no. 2, pp. 173–195DOI 10.4171/IFB/185