# The thin film equation with backwards second order diffusion

### Amy Novick-Cohen

Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel### Andrey Shishkov

Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Donetsk, Ukraine

## Abstract

We focus on the thin film equation with lower order “backwards” diffusion which can describe, for example, the evolution of thin viscous films in the presence of gravity and thermo-capillary effects, or the thin film equation with a “porous media cutoff” of van der Waals forces. We treat in detail the equation

*ut* + {*un*(*uxxx*+ν_um–nux_–*AuM–nux*)}*x* = 0,

where ν = +/– 1, *n* > 0, *M* > *m*, and *A* ≥ 0. Global existence of weak nonnegative solutions is proven when *m–n* > –2 and *A* > 0 or ν = –1, and when –2 < *m–n* < 2, *A* = 0, ν = 1. From the weak solutions, we get strong entropy solutions under the additional constraint that *m–n* > –3/2 if ν = 1. A local energy estimate is obtained when 2 ≤ n < 3 under some additional restrictions. Finite speed of propagation is proven when *m* > *n*/2, for the case of “strong slippage”, 0 < *n* < 2, when ν = 1 based on local entropy estimates, and for the case of “weak slippage”, 2 ≤ *n* < 3, when ν = +/–1 based on local entropy and energy estimates.

## Cite this article

Amy Novick-Cohen, Andrey Shishkov, The thin film equation with backwards second order diffusion. Interfaces Free Bound. 12 (2010), no. 4, pp. 463–496

DOI 10.4171/IFB/242