# Counting arithmetic subgroups and subgroup growth of virtually free groups

### Amichai Eisenmann

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

## Abstract

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field, and let $H=PSL_2(K)$ endowed with the Haar measure determined by giving a maximal compact subgroup measure $1$. Let $AL_H(x)$ denote the number of conjugacy classes of arithmetic lattices in $H$ with co-volume bounded by $x$. We show that under the assumption that $K$ does not contain the element $\zeta+\zeta^{-1}$, where $\zeta$ denotes the $p$-th root of unity over $\mathbb{Q}_p$, we have

$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}\frac{\log AL_H(x)}{x\log x}=q-1$

where $q$ denotes the order of the residue field of $K$.

The main innovation of this paper is the proof of a sharp bound on subgroup growth of lattices in $H$ as above.

## Cite this article

Amichai Eisenmann, Counting arithmetic subgroups and subgroup growth of virtually free groups. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 17 (2015), no. 4, pp. 925–953

DOI 10.4171/JEMS/522