# Numerical Campedelli surfaces with fundamental group of order 9

### Margarida Mendes Lopes

Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa, Portugal### Rita Pardini

Università di Pisa, Italy

## Abstract

We give explicit constructions of all the numerical Cam\-pe\-delli surfaces, i.e.\ the minimal surfaces of general type with $K^2=2$ and $p_g=0$, whose fundamental group has order 9. There are three families, one with $\pionealg=\Z_9$ and two with $\pionealg=\Z_3^2$. We also determine the base locus of the bicanonical system of these surfaces. It turns out that for the surfaces with $\pionealg=\Z_9$ and for one of the families of surfaces with $\pionealg=\Z_3^2$ the base locus consists of two points. To our knowlegde, these are the only known examples of surfaces of general type with $K^2>1$ whose bicanonical system has base points.

## Cite this article

Margarida Mendes Lopes, Rita Pardini, Numerical Campedelli surfaces with fundamental group of order 9. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 10 (2008), no. 2, pp. 457–476

DOI 10.4171/JEMS/118