# Noncommutative numerical motives, Tannakian structures, and motivic Galois groups

### Matilde Marcolli

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, United States### Gonçalo Tabuada

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA

## Abstract

In this article we further the study of noncommutative numerical motives, initiated in [30, 31]. By exploring the change-of-coefficients mechanism, we start by improving some of the main results of [30]. Then, making use of the notion of Schur-finiteness, we prove that the category NNum$(k)_F$ of noncommutative numerical motives is (neutral) super-Tannakian. As in the commutative world, NNum$(k)_F$ is not Tannakian. In order to solve this problem we promote periodic cyclic homology to a well-defined symmetric monoidal functor $\overline{HP_\ast}$ on the category of noncommutative Chow motives. This allows us to introduce the correct noncommutative analogues $C_{NC}$ and $D_{NC}$ of Grothendieck's standard conjectures $C$ and $D$. Assuming $C_{NC}$, we prove that NNum$(k)_F$ can be made into a Tannakian category NNum$^\dagger(k)_F$ by modifying its symmetry isomorphism constraints. By further assuming $D_{NC}$, we neutralize the Tannakian category Num$^\dagger(k)_F$ using $\overline{HP_\ast}$. Via the (super-)Tannakian formalism, we then obtain well-defined *noncommutative motivic Galois (super-)groups*. Finally, making use of Deligne-Milne's theory of Tate triples, we construct explicit morphisms relating these noncommutative motivic Galois (super-)groups with the classical ones as suggested by Kontsevich.

## Cite this article

Matilde Marcolli, Gonçalo Tabuada, Noncommutative numerical motives, Tannakian structures, and motivic Galois groups. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 18 (2016), no. 3, pp. 623–655

DOI 10.4171/JEMS/598