JournalsjemsVol. 11 , No. 5DOI 10.4171/jems/174

Resonant normal form for even periodic FPU chains

  • Thomas Kappeler

    University of Zürich, Switzerland
  • Andreas Henrici

    University of Zürich, Switzerland
Resonant normal form for even periodic FPU chains cover


We investigate periodic FPU chains with an even number of particles. We show that near the equilibrium point, any such chain admits a resonant Birkhoff normal form of order four which is completely integrable—an important fact which helps explain the numerical experiments of Fermi, Pasta, and Ulam. We analyze the moment map of the integrable approximation of an even FPU chain. Unlike the case of odd FPU chains these integrable systems (generically) exhibit hyperbolic dynamics. As an application we prove that any FPU chain with Dirichlet boundary conditions admits a Birkhoff normal form up to order four and show that a KAM theorem applies.