We consider the geometric non-linear inverse problem of recovering a Hermitian connection from the source-to-solution map of the cubic wave equation , where and is the connection wave operator in the Minkowski space . The equation arises naturally when considering the Yang–Mills–Higgs equations with Mexican hat type potentials. Our proof exploits the microlocal analysis of non-linear wave interactions, but instead of employing information contained in the geometry of the wave front sets as in previous literature, we study the principal symbols of waves generated by suitable interactions. Moreover, our approach relies on inversion of a novel non-abelian broken light ray transform, a result interesting in its own right.
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Xi Chen, Matti Lassas, Lauri Oksanen, Gabriel P. Paternain, Detection of Hermitian connections in wave equations with cubic non-linearity. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 24 (2022), no. 7, pp. 2191–2232DOI 10.4171/JEMS/1136