The emergence of long range order at low temperatures in atomistic systems with continuous symmetry is a fundamental, yet poorly understood phenomenon in physics. To address this challenge we study a discrete microscopic model for an elastic crystal with dislocations in three dimensions, previously introduced by Ariza and Ortiz. The model is rich enough to support some realistic features of three-dimensional dislocation theory, most notably grains and the Read– Shockley law for grain boundaries, which we rigorously derive in a simple, explicit geometry. We analyze the model at positive temperatures, in terms of a Gibbs distribution with energy function given by the Ariza–Ortiz Hamiltonian plus a contribution from the dislocation cores. Our main result is that the model exhibits long range positional order at low temperatures. The proof is based on the tools of discrete exterior calculus, together with cluster expansion techniques.
Cite this article
Alessandro Giuliani, Florian Theil, Long range order in atomistic models for solids. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 24 (2022), no. 10, pp. 3505–3555DOI 10.4171/JEMS/1169