Geometry and Laplacian on discrete magic carpets

  • Chunyin Siu

    Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
  • Robert S. Strichartz

    deceased author
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We study several variants of the classical Sierpinski carpet (SC) fractal. The main examples we call infinite magic carpets (IMC), obtained by taking an infinite blowup of a discrete graph approximation to SC and identifying edges using torus, Klein bottle or projective plane type identifications. We use both theoretical and experimental methods. We prove estimates for the size of metric balls that are close to optimal. We obtain numerical approximations to the spectrum of the graph Laplacian on IMC and to solutions of the associated differential equations: Laplace equation, heat equation and wave equation. We present evidence that the random walk on IMC is transient, and that the full spectral resolution of the Laplacian on IMC involves only continuous spectrum. This paper is a contribution to a general program of eliminating unwanted boundaries in the theory of analysis on fractals.

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Chunyin Siu, Robert S. Strichartz, Geometry and Laplacian on discrete magic carpets. J. Fractal Geom. 9 (2022), no. 3/4, pp. 207–260

DOI 10.4171/JFG/129