# Line bundles and the Thom construction in noncommutative geometry

### Edwin Beggs

University of Wales Swansea, UK### Tomasz Brzeziński

University of Wales Swansea, UK

## Abstract

The idea of a line bundle in classical geometry is transferred to noncommutative geometry by the idea of a Morita context. From this we construct $\mathbb{Z}$- and $\mathbb{N}$-graded algebras, the $\mathbb{Z}$-graded algebra being a Hopf–Galois extension. A non-degenerate Hermitian metric gives a star structure on this algebra, and an additional star operation on the line bundle gives a star operation on the $\mathbb{N}$-graded algebra. In this case, we carry out the associated circle bundle and Thom constructions. Starting with a C*-algebra as base, and with some positivity assumptions, the associated circle and Thom algebras are also C*-algebras. We conclude by examining covariant derivatives and Chern classes on line bundles after the method of Kobayashi and Nomizu.

## Cite this article

Edwin Beggs, Tomasz Brzeziński, Line bundles and the Thom construction in noncommutative geometry. J. Noncommut. Geom. 8 (2014), no. 1, pp. 61–105

DOI 10.4171/JNCG/149