# An abstract approach to weak convergence of spectral shift functions and applications to multi-dimensional Schrödinger operators

### Fritz Gesztesy

Baylor University, Waco, USA### Roger Nichols

The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA

## Abstract

We study the manner in which a sequence of spectral shift functions $\xi(\cdot;H_j,H_{0,j})$ associated with abstract pairs of self-adjoint operators $(H_j, H_{0,j})$ in Hilbert spaces $\mathcal H_j$, $j\in\mathbb N$, converge to a limiting spectral shift function $\xi(\cdot;H,H_0)$ associated with a pair $(H,H_0)$ in the limiting Hilbert space $\mathcal H$ as $j\to\infty$ (mimicking the infinite volume limit in concrete applications to multi-dimensional Schrödinger operators). Our techniques rely on a Fredholm determinant approach combined with certain measure theoretic facts. In particular, we show that prior vague convergence results for spectral shift functions in the literature actually extend to the notion of weak convergence. More precisely, in the concrete case of multi-dimensional Schrödinger operators on a sequence of domains $\Omega_j$ exhausting $\mathbb R^n$ as $j\to\infty$, we extend the convergence of associated spectral shift functions from vague to weak convergence and also from Dirichlet boundary conditions to more general self-adjoint boundary conditions on $\partial\Omega_j$.

## Cite this article

Fritz Gesztesy, Roger Nichols, An abstract approach to weak convergence of spectral shift functions and applications to multi-dimensional Schrödinger operators. J. Spectr. Theory 2 (2012), no. 3, pp. 225–266

DOI 10.4171/JST/28