Sharp comparison theorems are derived for all eigenvalues of the weighted Laplacian, for various classes of weighted-manifolds (i.e. Riemannian manifolds endowed with a smooth positive density). Examples include Euclidean space endowed with strongly log-concave and log-convex densities, extensions to -exponential measures, unit-balls of , one-dimensional spaces and Riemannian submersions. Our main tool is a general Contraction Principle for „eigenvalues" on arbitrary metric-measure spaces. Motivated by Caffarelli's Contraction Theorem, we put forth several conjectures pertaining to the existence of contractions from the canonical sphere (and Gaussian space) to weighted-manifolds of appropriate topological type having (generalized) Ricci curvature positively bounded below; these conjectures are consistent with all known isoperimetric, heat-kernel and Sobolev-type properties of such spaces, and would imply sharp conjectural spectral estimates. While we do not resolve these conjectures for the individual eigenvalues, we verify their Weyl asymptotic distribution in the compact and non-compact settings, obtain non-asymptotic estimates using the Cwikel–Lieb–Rozenblum inequality, and estimate the trace of the associated heat-kernel assuming that the associated heat semi-group is hypercontractive. As a side note, an interesting trichotomy for the heat-kernel is obtained.
Cite this article
Emanuel Milman, Spectral estimates, contractions and hypercontractivity. J. Spectr. Theory 8 (2018), no. 2, pp. 669–714DOI 10.4171/JST/210