# Sharkovskii order for non-wandering points

### Maria Pires de Carvalho

Universidade do Porto, Portugal### Fernando Jorge Moreira

Universidade do Porto, Portugal

## Abstract

For a map $f\colon I \rightarrow I$, a point $x \in I$ is periodic with period $p \in \mathbb{N}$ if $f^p(x)=x$ and $f^j(x)\not=x$ for all $0<j<p$. When $f$ is continuous and $I$ is an interval, a theorem due to Sharkovskii ([1]) states that there is an order in $\mathbb{N}$, say $\lhd$, such that if $f$ has a periodic point of period $p$ and $p \lhd q$, then $f$ also has a periodic point of period $q$. In this work, we will see how an extension of the order $\lhd$ to sequences of positive integers yields a Sharkovskii-type result for non-wandering points of $f$.

## Cite this article

Maria Pires de Carvalho, Fernando Jorge Moreira, Sharkovskii order for non-wandering points. Port. Math. 69 (2012), no. 2, pp. 159–165

DOI 10.4171/PM/1911