We prove a version of the data-processing inequality for the relative entropy for general von Neumann algebras with an explicit lower bound involving the measured relative entropy. The inequality, which generalizes previous work by Sutter et al. on finite-dimensional density matrices, yields a bound for how well a quantum state can be recovered after it has been passed through a channel. Some natural applications of our results are in quantum field theory where the von Neumann algebras are known to be of type III. Along the way we generalize various multi-trace inequalities to general von Neumann algebras.
Cite this article
Stefan Hollands, Trace- and Improved Data-Processing Inequalities for von Neumann Algebras. Publ. Res. Inst. Math. Sci. 59 (2023), no. 4, pp. 687–729DOI 10.4171/PRIMS/59-4-1