JournalsprimsVol. 43 , No. 2DOI 10.2977/prims/1201011785

On the Fefferman–Phong Inequality and a Wiener-type Algebra of Pseudodifferential Operators

  • Nicolas Lerner

    Institut Mathématiques de Jussieu, Paris, France
  • Yoshinori Morimoto

    Kyoto University, Japan
On the Fefferman–Phong Inequality and a Wiener-type Algebra of Pseudodifferential Operators cover

Abstract

We provide an extension of the Fefferman–Phong inequality to nonnegative symbols whose fourth derivative belongs to a Wiener-type algebra of pseudodifferential operators introduced by J. Sjöstrand. As a byproduct, we obtain that the number of derivatives needed to get the classical Fefferman–Phong inequality in d dimensions is bounded above by 2_d_ + 4 + ε. Our method relies on some refinements of the Wick calculus, which is closely linked to Gabor wavelets. Also we use a decomposition of _C_3,1 nonnegative functions as a sum of squares of C_1,1 functions with sharp estimates. In particular, we prove that a C_3,1 nonnegative function a can be written as a finite sum Σ b_2_j, where each bj is C_1,1, but also where each function b_2_j is C_3,1. A key point in our proof is to give some bounds on (b_j' b_j'')' and on (b_j' b_j'')''.