We consider a Schrödinger equation with linearly bounded magnetic potentials and a quadratically bounded electric potential when the coeffcients of the principal part do not necessarily converge to constants near inﬁnity. Assuming that there exists a suitable function f(x) near inﬁnity which is convex with respect to the Hamilton vector ﬁeld generated by the (scalar) principal symbol, we show a microlocal smoothing effect, which says that the regularity of the solution increases for all time t ∈ (0, T] at every point that is not trapped backward by the geodesic ﬂow if the initial data decays in an incoming region in the phase space. Here T depends on the potentials; we can choose T = ∞ if the magnetic potentials are sublinear and the electric potential is subquadratic. Our method regards the growing potentials as perturbations; so it is applicable to matrix potentials as well.
Cite this article
Shin-ichi Doi, Smoothness of Solutions for Schrödinger Equations with Unbounded Potentials. Publ. Res. Inst. Math. Sci. 41 (2005), no. 1, pp. 175–221DOI 10.2977/PRIMS/1145475408