JournalsprimsVol. 40 , No. 2DOI 10.2977/prims/1145475811

Poles and α-points of Meromorphic Solutions of the First Painlevé Hierarchy

  • Shun Shimomura

    Keio University, Yokohama, Japan
Poles and α-points of Meromorphic Solutions of the First Painlevé Hierarchy cover

Abstract

The first Painlevé hierarchy, which is a sequence of higher order analogues of the first Painlevé equation, follows from the singular manifold equations for the mKdV hierarchy. For meromorphic solutions of the first Painlevé hierarchy, we give a lower estimate for the number of poles; which is regarded as an extension of one corresponding to the first Painlevé equation, and which indicates a conjecture on the growth order. From our main result, two corollaries follow: one is the transcendency of meromorphic solutions, and the other is a lower estimate for the frequency of α-points. An essential part of our proof is estimation of certain sums concerning the poles of each meromorphic solution.