# Geometric Construction of *-Representations of the Weyl Algebra with Degree 2

### Hideki Kurose

Fukuoka University, Japan### Hiroshi Nakazato

Hirosaki University, Japan

## Abstract

Let _W_2 denote the Weyl algebra generated by self-adjoint elements {*pj*,*qj*}j=1,2 satisfying the canonical commutation relations. In this paper we discuss *-representations {π} of _W_2 such that π(*pj*) and π(*qj*) (*j*=1, 2) are essentially self-adjoint operators but π is not exponentiable to a representation of the associated Weyl system. We first construct a class of such *-representations of _W_2 by considering a non-simply connected space *Ω*= ** R**2\{

**1, ⋯,**

*a*

*a**n*} and a one-dimensional representations of the fundamental group π1(

*Ω*). Non-exponentiability of those *-representations comes from the geometry of the universal covering space

*Ω*~ of

*Ω*. Then we show that our *-representations of _W_2 are related, by unitary equivalence, with Reeh-Arai's ones, which are based on a quantum system on the plane under a perpendicular magnetic field with singularities at

**1, ⋯,**

*a*

*a**n*, and, by doing that, we classify the Reeh-Arai's *-representations up to unitary equivalence. We further discuss extension and irreducibility of those * -representations. Finally, for the * -representations of _W_2, we calculate the defect numbers which measure the distance to the exponentiability.

## Cite this article

Hideki Kurose, Hiroshi Nakazato, Geometric Construction of *-Representations of the Weyl Algebra with Degree 2. Publ. Res. Inst. Math. Sci. 32 (1996), no. 4, pp. 555–579

DOI 10.2977/PRIMS/1195162712