JournalsprimsVol. 33 , No. 3DOI 10.2977/prims/1195145324

Operator Convex Functions of Several Variables

  • Frank Hansen

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Operator Convex Functions of Several Variables cover


The functional calculus for functions of several variables associates to each tuple x = (_x_1, ⋯, _x_k) of selfadjoint operators on Hilbert spaces _H_1, ⋯,_H_k an operator f(x) in the tensor product B(H_1)⊗ ⋯ ⊗_B(_H_k). We introduce the notion of generalized Hessian matrices associated with f. Those matrices are used as the building blocks of a structure theorem for the second Fréchet differential of the map xf(x). As an application we derive that functions with positive semi-definite generalized Hessian matrices of arbitrary order are operator convex. The result generalizes a theorem of Kraus [15] for functions of one variable.