# Orbifold completion of defect bicategories

### Nils Carqueville

Universität Wien, Austria### Ingo Runkel

Universität Hamburg, Germany

## Abstract

Orbifolds of two-dimensional quantum field theories have a natural formulation in terms of defects or domain walls. This perspective allows for a rich generalisation of the orbifolding procedure, which we study in detail for the case of topological field theories. Namely, a TFT with defects gives rise to a pivotal bicategory of "world sheet phases" and defects between them. We develop a general framework which takes such a bicategory $\mathcal B$ as input and returns its "orbifold completion" $\mathcal B_{\mathrm {orb}}$. The completion satisfies the natural properties $\mathcal B \subset \mathcal B_{\mathrm {orb}}$ and $(\mathcal B_{\mathrm {orb}})_{\mathrm{orb}} \cong \mathcal B_{\mathrm {orb}}$, and it gives rise to various new equivalences and nondegeneracy results. When applied to TFTs, the objects in $\mathcal B_{\mathrm {orb}}$ correspond to generalised orbifolds of the theories in $\mathcal B$. In the example of Landau–Ginzburg models we recover and unify conventional equivariant matrix factorisations, prove when and how (generalised) orbifolds again produce open/closed TFTs, and give nontrivial examples of new orbifold equivalences.

## Cite this article

Nils Carqueville, Ingo Runkel, Orbifold completion of defect bicategories. Quantum Topol. 7 (2016), no. 2, pp. 203–279

DOI 10.4171/QT/76