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The aim of this paper is to study the Euler dynamics of a 2D periodic layer of non uniform vorticity. We consider the zero thickness limit and we compare the Euler solution with the vortex sheet evolution predicted by the Birkhoff–Rott equation. The well-known process of singularity formation in shape of the vortex sheet correlates with the appearance of several complex singularities in the Euler solution with the vortex layer datum. These singularities approach the real axis and are responsible for the roll-up process in the layer motion.
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Francesco Gargano, Marco Maria Luigi Sammartino, Vincenzo Sciacca, Singular behavior of a vortex layer in the zero thickness limit. Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. 28 (2017), no. 3, pp. 553–572DOI 10.4171/RLM/776