# On the Schwartz correspondence for Gelfand pairs of polynomial growth

### Francesca Astengo

Università di Genova, Italy### Bianca Di Blasio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy### Fulvio Ricci

Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy

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## Abstract

Let $(G,K)$ be a Gelfand pair, with $G$ a Lie group of polynomial growth, and let $\Sigma\subset\mathbb R^\ell$ be a homeomorphic image of the Gelfand spectrum, obtained by choosing a generating system $D_1,\dots,D_\ell$ of $G$-invariant differential operators on $G/K$ and associating to a bounded spherical function $\phi$ the $\ell$-tuple of its eigenvalues under the action of the $D_j$'s.

We say that property (S) holds for $(G,K)$ if the spherical transform maps the bi-$K$-invariant Schwartz space $\mathcal S(K\backslash G/K)$ isomorphically onto $\mathcal S(\Sigma)$, the space of restrictions to $\Sigma$ of the Schwartz functions on $\mathbb R^\ell$. This property is known to hold for many nilpotent pairs, i.e., Gelfand pairs where $G=K\ltimes N$, with $N$ nilpotent.

In this paper we enlarge the scope of this analysis outside the range of nilpotent pairs, stating the basic setting for general pairs of polynomial growth and then focussing on strong Gelfand pairs.

## Cite this article

Francesca Astengo, Bianca Di Blasio, Fulvio Ricci, On the Schwartz correspondence for Gelfand pairs of polynomial growth. Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Natur. 32 (2021), no. 1, pp. 79–96

DOI 10.4171/RLM/927