We prove a Hopf–Lax–Oleinik formula for the solutions of some Hamilton–Jacobi equations on a general metric space. As a first consequence, we show in full generality that the log-Sobolev inequality is equivalent to a hypercontractivity property of the Hamilton–Jacobi semi-group. As a second consequence, we prove that Talagrand’s transport-entropy inequalities in metric space are characterized in terms of log-Sobolev inequalities restricted to the class of -convex functions.
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Nathael Gozlan, Cyril Roberto, Paul-Marie Samson, Hamilton Jacobi equations on metric spaces and transport entropy inequalities. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 30 (2014), no. 1, pp. 133–163DOI 10.4171/RMI/772