The double of the doubles of Klein surfaces

  • Antonio F. Costa

    UNED, Madrid, Spain
  • Paola Cristofori

    Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
  • Ana M. Porto

    UNED, Madrid, Spain


A Klein surface is a surface with a dianalytic structure. A double of a Klein surface is a Klein surface such that there is a degree two morphism (of Klein surfaces) . There are many doubles of a given Klein surface and among them the so-called natural doubles which are: the complex double, the Schottky double and the orienting double. We prove that if is a non-orientable Klein surface with non-empty boundary, the three natural doubles, although distinct Klein surfaces, share a common double: “the double of doubles” denoted by . We describe how to use the double of doubles in the study of both moduli spaces and automorphisms of Klein surfaces. Furthermore, we show that the morphism from to is not given by the action of an isometry group on classical surfaces.

Cite this article

Antonio F. Costa, Paola Cristofori, Ana M. Porto, The double of the doubles of Klein surfaces. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 33 (2017), no. 1, pp. 183–194

DOI 10.4171/RMI/932