# The fractional maximal operator and fractional integrals on variable $L_{p}$ spaces

### Claudia Capone

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Napoli, Italy### David Cruz-Uribe

Trinity College, Hartford, USA### Alberto Fiorenza

Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Italy

## Abstract

We prove that if the exponent function $p(⋅)$ satisfies log-Hölder continuity conditions locally and at infinity, then the fractional maximal operator $M_{α}$, $0<α<n$, maps $L_{p(⋅)}$ to $L_{q(⋅)}$, where $p(x)1 −q(x)1 =nα $. We also prove a weak-type inequality corresponding to the weak $(1,n/(n−α))$ inequality for $M_{α}$. We build upon earlier work on the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator by Cruz-Uribe, Fiorenza and Neugebauer [The maximal function on variable $L_{p}$ spaces. Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn. Math. 28 (2003), 223-238]. As a consequence of these results for $M_{α}$, we show that the fractional integral operator $I_{α}$ satisfies the same norm inequalities. These in turn yield a generalization of the Sobolev embedding theorem to variable $L_{p}$ spaces.

## Cite this article

Claudia Capone, David Cruz-Uribe, Alberto Fiorenza, The fractional maximal operator and fractional integrals on variable $L_{p}$ spaces. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 23 (2007), no. 3, pp. 743–770

DOI 10.4171/RMI/511