This paper concerns pure subnormal operators with finite rank self-commutator, which we call subnormal operators of finite type. We analyze Xia's theory of these operators [21–23] and give its alternative exposition. Our exposition is based on the explicit use of a certain algebraic curve in , which we call the discriminant curve of a subnormal operator, and the approach of dual analytic similarity models of . We give a complete structure result for subnormal operators of finite type which corrects and strenghtens the formulation that Xia gave in . Xia claimed that each subnormal operator of finite type is unitarily equivalent to the operator of multiplication by on a weighted vector -space over a "quadrature Riemann surface" (with a finite rank perturbation of the norm. We explain how this formulation can be corrected and show that, conversely, every "quadrature Riemann surface" gives rise to a family of subnormal operators. We prove that this family is parametrized by the so-called characters. As a departing point of our study we formulate a kind of scattering scheme for normal operators, which includes Xia's model as a particular case.
Cite this article
Dmitry V. Yakubovich, Subnormal operators of finite type II. Structure theorems. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 14 (1998), no. 3, pp. 623–681DOI 10.4171/RMI/247