### Daniela Bubboloni

Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy### Mohammad A. Iranmanesh

Yazd University, Iran### Seyed M. Shaker

Yazd University, Iran

## Abstract

In a previous paper of the first author a procedure was developed for counting the components of a graph through the knowledge of the components of one of its quotient graphs. Here we apply that procedure to the proper power graph $\mathcal{P}_0(G)$ of a finite group $G$, finding a formula for the number of its components which is particularly illuminative when $G\leq S_n$ is a fusion controlled permutation group. We make use of the proper quotient power graph $\widetilde{\mathcal{P}}_0(G)$, the proper order graph $\mathcal{O}_0(G)$ and the proper type graph $\mathcal{T}_0(G)$. All those graphs are quotient of $\mathcal{P}_0(G)$. We emphasize the strong link between them determining number and typology of the components of the above graphs for $G=S_n$. In particular, we prove that the power graph $\mathcal{P}(S_n)$ is $2$-connected if and only if the type graph $\mathcal{T}(S_n)$ is $2$-connected, if and only if the order graph $\mathcal{O}(S_n)$ is $2$-connected, that is, if and only if either $n = 2$ or none of $n, n-1$ is a prime.

## Cite this article

Daniela Bubboloni, Mohammad A. Iranmanesh, Seyed M. Shaker, Quotient graphs for power graphs. Rend. Sem. Mat. Univ. Padova 138 (2017), pp. 61–89

DOI 10.4171/RSMUP/138-3