We study the optimal control of a class of nonlinear finite-dimensional optimal control problems driven by a maximal monotone operator which is not necessarily everywhere defined. So our model problem incorporates systems monitored by variational inequalities. First we prove an existence theorem using the reduction method of Berkovitz and Cesari. This requires a convexity hypothesis. When this convexity condition is not satisfied, we have to pass to an augmented, convexified problem known as the "relaxed problem". We present four relaxation methods. The first uses Young measures, the second uses multi-valued dynamics, the third is based on Caratheodory's theorem for convex sets in RN and the fourth uses lower semicontinuity arguments and Γ-limits. We show that they are equivalent and admissible, which roughly speaking means that the corresponding relaxed problem is in a sense the "closure" of the original one.
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Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou, Francesca Papalini, Existence and Relaxation for Finite-Dimensional Optimal Control Problems Driven by Maximal Monotone Operators. Z. Anal. Anwend. 22 (2003), no. 4, pp. 863–898DOI 10.4171/ZAA/1177