# On the Basin of Attraction of Limit Cycles in Periodic Differential Equations

### Peter Giesl

TU München, Germany

## Abstract

We consider a general system of ordinary differential equations \begin{eqnarray*}\dot{x}=f(t,x)\mbox{,}\end{eqnarray*} where $x\in\mathbb R^n$, and $f(t+T,x)=f(t,x)$ for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb R\times \mathbb R^n$ is a periodic function. We give a sufficient and necessary condition for the existence and uniqueness of an exponentially asymptotically stable periodic orbit. Moreover, this condition is sufficient and necessary to prove that a subset belongs to the basin of attraction of the periodic orbit. The condition uses a Riemannian metric, and we present methods to construct such a metric explicitly.

## Cite this article

Peter Giesl, On the Basin of Attraction of Limit Cycles in Periodic Differential Equations. Z. Anal. Anwend. 23 (2004), no. 3, pp. 547–576

DOI 10.4171/ZAA/1210