# Densities of the Raney distributions

### Wojciech Mlotkowski

### Karol A. Penson

### Karol Życzkowski

## Abstract

We prove that if $p\ge1$ and $0< r\le p$ then the sequence $\binom{mp+r}m\frac{r}{mp+r}$ is positive definite. More precisely, it is the moment sequence of a probability measure $\mu(p,r)$ with compact support contained in $[0,+\infty)$. This family of measures encompasses the multiplicative free powers of the Marchenko-Pastur distribution as well as the Wigner's semicircle distribution centered at $x=2$. We show that if $p>1$ is a rational number and $0<r\le p$ then $\mu(p,r)$ is absolutely continuous and its density $W_{p,r}(x)$ can be expressed in terms of the generalized hypergeometric functions. In some cases, including the multiplicative free square and the multiplicative free square root of the Marchenko-Pastur measure, $W_{p,r}(x)$ turns out to be an elementary function.

## Cite this article

Wojciech Mlotkowski, Karol A. Penson, Karol Życzkowski, Densities of the Raney distributions. Doc. Math. 18 (2013), pp. 1573–1596

DOI 10.4171/DM/437